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Difference between seamless steel pipe and welded steel pipe

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Difference between seamless steel pipe and welded steel pipe

Seamless steel pipe (SMLS) is formed by drawing a solid billet over a piercing rod to create the hollow shell, without welding or seam.It is suitable for bending and flanging. The most advantage is increasing the ability of withstanding higher pressure.Seamless steel pipe can be cut,threaded or grooved.And the coating method includes black/ red lacquer,varnish painting,hot dip galvanization,etc.

Welded steel pipe (steel pipe manufactured with a weld) is a tubular product made out of flat plates, known as skelp, that are formed, bent and prepared for welding.

First of all, they have many differences in manufacturing processes, which are as follows:

Concentricity: The manufacturing process of seamless pipes is to punch a hole in a stainless steel blank at a temperature of 2200°F. This high-temperature tool steel is softened by stamping and drawing and formed into a spiral shape from the hole. This kind of pipe has uneven wall thickness and high eccentricity.

Therefore, the ASTM standard allows the wall thickness difference of seamless pipes to be greater than that of welded pipes. The slotted tube is made of precision cold rolled sheet (4-5 feet) per roll width. The maximum wall thickness of these cold rolled sheets is usually 0.002 inches. The steel plate is cut to a width πd, where d is the outer diameter of the tube. The wall thickness tolerance of the slit tube is small, and the wall thickness is very uniform throughout the circumference.

Welding performance: There is a certain difference in chemical composition between general pipes and seamless pipes. The production of seamless pipe steel composition only meets the basic requirements of ASTM. The steel slotted pipe produced contains a chemical composition suitable for welding. For example, elements such as silicon, sulfur, manganese, oxygen, and triangular ferrite are mixed in a certain proportion, which can produce solder melting and easy transfer of heat during the welding process, so that the entire weld can be penetrated. Steel pipes lacking the above-mentioned chemical composition, such as seamless pipes, will produce a variety of unstable factors during the welding process, and are difficult to weld and impermeable to welding.

Grain size: Generally, the metal grain size is related to the heat treatment temperature and the time to maintain the same temperature. Therefore, the grain size of the annealed slit pipe is the same as that of the seamless pipe. If there is a seam pipe with the least cold treatment, the weld grain size is smaller than the weld metal grain size, otherwise the grain size is the same.

Strength: The strength of the pipeline depends on the alloy composition, so seamless pipes and slotted pipes containing the same alloy and the same heat treatment are essentially the same strength. After tensile test and three-dimensional vibration test, slotted pipe tearing almost only occurs far away from the welding point or heating area. This is because there are fewer impurities in the weld and a slightly higher nitrogen content, so the strength of the weld is better than other areas. However, the joint pipes of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Association can only withstand 85% of the allowable pressure, mainly because the data collected as early as today has improved the welding equipment. ASME stipulates that 100% of seamed pipes can withstand allowable pressure after ultrasonic testing. Similarly, Europe and Asia also provide seamed pipes to ensure the quality of their welding performance through eddy current testing. Eddy current testing requires the approval of legal procedures and the license held by the organization. Trent eddy current testing is approved by the Swedish Ministry of Electricity. ASME low current loss is based on the quality performance of the slotted tube.

Corrosion resistance: The corrosion resistance also depends on the composition of the alloy. The fully heat-treated seamless pipe has the same chemical composition and the corrosion resistance of the slotted pipe is consistent. ASTM provides supplementary tests to prove that the corrosion resistance of the weld is equal to or better than that of the metal being welded. In an acid chloride environment, insufficient heating at the weld will accelerate the corrosion of the slit pipe, but it is only required for corrosion testing. In fact, the environment is not that bad. Bending and extension: The weld extension specified by ASTM is verified by the following test: bend 45° to 90°, flatten along the weld; then rotate the seam pipe and repeat the above steps to make the inner diameter of the weld bend 180°. In the case of tearing or separation between crystals at 40 times magnification, the weld quality that meets the standard is not allowed. The bending radius of the pipe is controlled by the alloy composition, and the minimum bending radius is generally 2D.