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Differences between Hot Rolled And Cold Rolled Seamless Steel Tube

Views: 4     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-11-23      Origin: Site

The main differences between hot rolled and cold rolled seamless steel tubes include:


1. Manufacturing Process:

- Hot rolled seamless steel tubes are produced by heating a solid billet or slab and then rolling it at high temperatures to form the final shape.

- Cold rolled seamless steel tubes are formed at room temperature by drawing a solid pipe through a series of dies, resulting in a smoother surface finish.


2. Surface Finish:

- Hot rolled seamless steel tubes have a rougher surface and may have mild surface oxide, giving them a darker appearance.

- Cold rolled seamless steel tubes have a smoother and more uniform surface finish, often with a shinier appearance.


3. Dimensional Tolerances:

- Cold rolled seamless steel tubes typically have tighter dimensional tolerances, providing precise outer and inner diameters and wall thicknesses.

- Hot rolled seamless steel tubes may have looser dimensional tolerances due to the manufacturing process, resulting in slightly larger outer and inner diameters and wall thicknesses.


4. Mechanical Properties:

- Hot rolled seamless steel tubes have higher yield and tensile strength but lower precision due to the manufacturing process.

- Cold rolled seamless steel tubes exhibit improved dimensional accuracy, surface finish, and overall mechanical properties.


5. Workability and Cost:

- Cold rolled seamless steel tubes are more expensive to produce due to the additional processing steps and tighter tolerances, but they offer superior workability and precision.

- Hot rolled seamless steel tubes are less expensive to manufacture and are suitable for applications where tight tolerances are not critical.


In summary, hot rolled seamless steel tubes are produced at high temperatures, have a rougher surface, and cost less, while cold rolled seamless steel tubes are manufactured at room temperature, have a smoother finish, and offer tighter dimensional tolerances. Each type has its own advantages and is suitable for different applications based on the desired surface finish, dimensional accuracy, and mechanical properties.


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