Views: 1 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-01-04 Origin: Site
There are many methods for quality inspection of large-diameter straight seam welded steel pipes, among which physical methods are also commonly used inspection methods. Physical inspection is a method of measuring or inspecting using some physical phenomena. The inspection of materials or internal defects of large-diameter straight seam welded steel pipes generally adopts the method of non-destructive testing. The current non-destructive testing includes magnetic testing, ultrasonic testing, radiographic testing, penetrant testing, etc.
Magnetic flaw detection can only find defects on the surface and near the surface of magnetic large-diameter straight seam welded steel pipes, and can only do quantitative analysis of defects, and the nature and depth of defects can only be estimated based on experience. The magnetic force inspection uses the magnetic flux leakage generated by the magnetic field magnetization of the ferromagnetic large-diameter straight seam welded steel pipe to find defects. The different methods of measuring magnetic flux leakage can be divided into the magnetic powder method, magnetic induction method, and magnetic recording method, among which the magnetic powder method is widely used.
Penetrant inspection is to use the physical characteristics of certain liquids such as permeability to find and display defects, including coloring inspection and fluorescent flaw detection, which can be used to inspect the surface defects of ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic materials.
Radiographic flaw detection is a flaw detection method that uses the properties of rays that can penetrate substances and have attenuation in substances to find defects. The different rays used in flaw detection can be divided into three types: X-ray flaw detection, γ-ray flaw detection, and high-energy ray flaw detection. Due to the different methods of displaying defects, each type of ray inspection is divided into ionization method, fluorescent screen observation method, photographic method, and industrial television method. Radiographic inspection is mainly used to inspect defects such as cracks, incomplete penetration, pores, and slag inclusions inside the weld seam of large-diameter straight seam welded steel pipes.
Ultrasonic flaw detection
Ultrasonic waves can be used in the inspection of internal defects due to the reflection on the interface of different media in the propagation of metal and other homogeneous media. Ultrasound can inspect any weldment material, and any defect in any part, and can detect the defect position more sensitively, but it is difficult to determine the nature, shape, and size of the defect. Therefore, ultrasonic flaw detection of large-diameter straight seam welded steel pipes is often used in conjunction with radiographic inspection.